Language Strategies

This section provides teachers with instructional strategies for supporting their students' literacy goals in language. The strategies are categorized into three groups: language, concept development, and extended strategies. Click on the tabs below to learn more about 1) general guidelines for language strategies, 2) instructional strategies that support students' literacy goals as measured in Ave: PM, and 3) strategies that support students' reading success in each category.

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Language

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NP + V

Slash lv. 1

A basic sentence includes a Noun Phrase and a Verb Phrase (NP+VP)....

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NP1 + V + NP2

Slash lv. 2

This grammatical structure is the most common pattern used by young children...

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NP1 + VBE + Adjective/color

Slash lv. 2

This grammatical pattern includes the main noun phrase (NP1) and a descriptor...

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NP1 + VBE + Adjective/size

Slash lv. 2

This grammatical pattern includes the main noun phrase ( NP1) and a descriptor...

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NP1 + V + NP2 + prep phrase

Slash lv. 3

Use the same strategies suggested in the unit on NP1 + V + NP2...

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Adverbial phrases of place

Slash lv. 2 & 3

Check the student’s comprehension of prepositional phrases (SLASH Level 2)...

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NP1 + V + NP3 + NP2

Slash lv. 3

Use procedures listed in NP1 + V + NP2 + prepositional phrase (indirect object)...

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Sentences Conjoined with and

Slash lv. 3

Check for student’s concept and functional use of the conjunction ‘and’ prior to...

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Direct discourse 

Slash lv. 7 & 8

Direct discourse comment clause in final, initial, and medial positions...

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Expressive adverbial clauses

Slash lv. 6

There are 5 types of adverbs: time, place manner or condition, frequency and degree...

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Pronoun in subject position (I)

Slash lv. 2

A pronoun is a word that substitutes for a noun or noun phrase. It can function independently...

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Verb phrases conjoined with and

Slash lv. 3 & 4

Check for student’s concept and functional use of the conjunction ‘and’ prior to...

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Adverbial clauses of cause

Slash lv. 6

Review the concept of ‘because’ with the students.  Use activities, illustrations and...

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Clauses conjoined with but

Slash lv. 6

Check for student’s concept and functional use of the conjunction ‘but’ prior to introducing...

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Pronoun in subject position (II)

Slash lv. 2 

A pronoun is a word that substitutes for a noun or noun phrase. It can function independently...

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What did we do? (Do support)

Slash lv. 7

This grammatical pattern includes the main noun phrase (NP1) and a descriptor...

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Adverbial clauses of time

Slash lv. 6

Remind the students that a clause must have a subject and a verb. There are 5 types...

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Relative clauses in final position

Slash lv. 6

Relative clauses are adjective clauses that modify nouns. As you develop this language...

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Indirect discourse

Slash lv. 8

Indirect discourse or speech shares the same information as direct discourse/speech...

 

Concept Development Strategies

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Adjective

Link meaning to new vocabulary, link new vocabulary to already existing schema...

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Semantic Webs/Maps

Students of all ages, narrative and expository texts, vocabulary development, assess....

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Frayer Model

Upper elementary and above, expository and narrative texts, vocabulary development...

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LINK

LINK is a metacognitive strategy that reinforces and integrates language structures...

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Semantic Feature Analysis

Middle elementary and above, expository and narrative texts, vocabulary development...

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Concept Definition Map

Middle elementary and above, vocabulary development, assess/develop/activate prior...

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Visualization

Effective with students of all ages, form mental images of words and relate descriptors...

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Key Word Approach

Upper elementary and above, narrative and expository texts, vocabulary development...

 

Extended Strategies

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Language Experience Approach

Language experience activities provide opportunities for development and...

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Guess what I have?

Identify features that describe an object, assimilate information to identify an object...

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Dramatization

Understand perspective of other characters, provide practice and experimentation with...

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Advertising Me

It is especially effective with upper elementary and middle school students, helps to...

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What did we do today?

This activity gives children practice in language necessary to share their school experiences...

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Decision Making

Investigate age-appropriate social or global problems, determine/formulate appropriate...

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Idiomatic Language

Develops/reinforces understanding and use of idiomatic language, metalinguistic skills...

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Journal Writing

Reinforces writing skills, provides opportunities to experiment with different writing styles...

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Visual Representation of Stories

Connects ASL to English/English language to visual representations, reinforces English...

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Surveys

Work cooperatively with others, develop relevant questions, determine who will fill...

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Comparing Two Or More Stories

Provides opportunities to develop critical thinking skills through comparisons of...

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Grammatical Judging

Reinforces and assesses correct English usage...

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Scrambled Sentence

Scrambled Sentences can reinforce the identification of English language structures...