books-1204029_1920.jpg
NP + V
(Roman runs.)
Slash lv. 1
 
Click to:

A basic sentence includes a Noun Phrase and a Verb Phrase (NP+VP).  A NP may include only a noun, or expanded to a noun and determiner, adjectives, a pronoun as a clause or phrase.  A VP may include only a verb, an auxiliary (e.g. can, be, ‘not’), verb tense (e.g. past, present, future) as a clause or phrase.

During instruction use age appropriate real-life situations, photographs, and experiences common to the students’ daily experiences and culture. Extend language modeling throughout all activities and interactions.

Strategy

Teacher actions are highlighted

  • Review concepts of the verbs that will be used in the development of the sentence structure, e.g., jumps, runs, walks. Have students demonstrate verb actions.

  • Focus on one verb (walks) initially in the present tense.

  • Demonstrate the verb:

    • Write the English sentence that tells what you did (Ms. Garcia walks.)

  • Have each student demonstrate walks.

    • Ask what the students are doing. Say/sign/fingerspell the response.

    • Write the English sentences on the board (Josie walks. Samuel walks. Hazel walks.).

    • Have the children read (say/sign/ fingerspell) each sentence with you.

Guided Practice

  • Use similar steps and procedures to continue work on the NP + V structure using different verbs (e.g., jumps, runs, sits).

  • Write each verb on a word card.

  • Show each word card

    • Ask the students to read the word. If the students are not reading yet, show a picture with the word card

  • Select a student and “secretly”

    • Show the student a word card or picture.

  • The student performs the action.

    • Students dictate a sentence to write on the board/ tablet.

    • After the sentence is written, students read (sign/say) the sentence with you.

    • Continue using each verb two or three times.

  • Use pictures of people and animals jumping, running, walking, etc.

    • Show each picture

    • AskingWho is this?” or “What is this?” to verify children use the verbs within a phrase structure of Noun + Verb.

    • Show the students a picture and have them respond with a sentence, e.g. The boy walks. The horse jumps. The girl runs.

    • Have the student point to/ write and read the correct sentence.  

  • Write each verb on a word card.

    • Show each word card.

    • Ask the students to read the word or show a picture with the word card

  • Students performs the action.

    • Students give sentences to write on the board or have a student write the sentence, if appropriate.

    • Students read (sign/say) the sentence with you.

    • Fingerspell verb for emphasis.

  • Use picture books or pictures of people and animals jumping, running, walking, etc.

    • Ask Who is this?” or “What is this?” to make sure the students remember the words/signs for the nouns.

    • Have students respond with a sentence, such as The boy walks. The horse jumps. The girl runs.

 
Advancing the Strategy
  • Select a book to read to the students that uses the NP + V structure frequently.

  • Show the students some of the NP + V structures in the story. Read the story emphasizing the new structure as you read.

  • Give each student 5 pictures showing a person or an animal performing each verb.

    • Have the students write sentences below each picture or provide paper strips with the sentences and paste below each picture.

    • Have the students make books with their pictures.

    • Have students read their books to the class or read their books to each other.

  • Incorporate the targeted structure into activities during the school day.

 
Featured Books
Slash1.jpg