Reading Strategies

This section provides teachers with evidence based practices for supporting students' literacy goals in reading. The strategies and activities are categorized into three groups: pre-reading, during reading, and post-reading. Each of the strategies may be adapted to students' functional language and reading skills.

 

Click on the tabs below to learn more about the instructional strategies that support students' literacy goals as measured in Ave: PM and the strategies that will support students' reading success in each category.

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Pre-Reading

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K-W-L & K-W-L Plus

Middle elementary and above, assess/develop/activate prior knowledge...

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Event Arrangement

Lower elementary and above, can be used with 5 and 6 year olds if pictures are used, narrative...

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Anticipation Guides

Middle elementary and above, assess/develop/activate prior knowledge...

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Advance Organizers

Students of all ages, assess/develop/activate prior knowledge, motivation, set purpose for...

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Analogy Graphic Organizer

Upper elementary and above, expository text, assess/develop/activate prior knowledge...

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Student-Generated Questions

Upper elementary and above, assess/develop/activate prior knowledge...

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Semantic Webs or Maps

Students of all ages, narrative and expository texts, vocabulary development, assess...

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Semantic Feature Analysis

Middle elementary and above, expository and narrative texts, vocabulary development...

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Key Word Approach

Upper elementary and above, narrative and expository texts, vocabulary development...

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Frayer Model

Upper elementary and above, expository and narrative texts, vocabulary development...

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Concept Definition Map

Middle elementary and above, vocabulary development, assess/develop/activate prior...

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Contextual Analysis

Upper elementary and above, narrative and expository texts, vocabulary development...

 

During Reading

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Directed Reading Thinking Activity

Students of all ages, narrative texts, activate prior knowledge, preview, predict, set...

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Prediction Logs

Upper elementary and above, narrative texts, preview texts, make predictions, justify...

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Reciprocal Questioning

Middle elementary and above, comprehension, questioning, justify responses, read critically...

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Reciprocal Teaching

Upper elementary and above, comprehension, questioning, summarize, clarify, make...

 

Post-Reading

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Question-Answer Relationship

Upper elementary and above, comprehension, set purpose for reading, questioning, make...

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Monitoring

Middle elementary and above, comprehension, metacognitive skills, set purpose for reading...

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Comprehension Rating

Upper elementary and above, comprehension, focus on meaning, monitor comprehension...

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Self Monitoring Approach to Reading and Thinking

Middle elementary and above, comprehension, monitor comprehension, identify reading...

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Venn Diagram

Students of all ages, prior knowledge, comprehension, identify similarities and...

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Fact or Opinion

Middle to upper elementary and above, comprehension, critical reading/thinking...

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Story Retelling

Students of all ages, narrative text, comprehension, summarize, sequence...

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Teacher Think Aloud

Students of all ages, comprehension, monitor comprehension, use context clues, apply...

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Different Perspectives

Middle elementary and above, comprehension, critical reading/thinkings, look at issues from... 

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Discussion Web

Upper elementary and above, comprehension, critical reading/thinking, look at issues from...

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Story Maps- Narrative Texts

Middle elementary and above, sequence of events, character development, make...

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Pattern Guides- Expository Texts

Upper elementary and above, comprehension, help students get a sense of how expository...

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Summarizing

Middle school and above, summarize, identify key ideas, identify important detail information...