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Story Maps (Narrative Texts)
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Middle elementary and above

  • Sequence of events

  • Character development

  • Make predictions

  • Writing

  • Scaffolding strategy to help students with story retelling

  • Make a chart of the elements of narrative structure. Lower elementary children first begin to learn story mapping by identifying and describing what happens at the beginning, middle, and end of a story. For older students, divide the chart into segments labeled as shown:

  • The events and the resolution may be repeated in complex stories or novels.

  • Prepare questions from the story that will lead the students through the story map.

    • Discuss the organization of the story and explain the story map.

    • During guided reading, use the prepared questions to focus the students’ attention on story structure as they discuss the text.

  • If this is a new strategy for the students, after guided reading, model for them how to fill out a story map using a story they have used previously.

    • Provide as many demonstrations as needed. Provide guided practice using another previously read story.

  • Students fill in the story map using the new story. They may do this together, independently, or in small groups. Use the prepared questions to provide support, if necessary.

    • Provide guided practice as the students compare this story with other story maps they have made.

  • Students write a short composition comparing their "new" story map to another map they have already made.

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