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Monitoring
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Middle elementary and above

  • Comprehension

  • Metacognitive skills

  • Set purpose for reading

  • Use repair strategies

  • Apply metacognitive skills

Strategy
Monitoring-Chart---2.png

Middle elementary and above

  • Comprehension

  • Metacognitive skills

  • Set purpose for reading

  • Use repair strategies

  • Apply metacognitive skills

 

Model what good readers do when they experience difficulty understanding text. Use a text that you read e.g. a novel, news, etc.):

  • Demonstrate how you monitor your comprehension.

    • If you are not understanding the text, model the repair strategies you use to get back on track (e.g., text lookback, check pictures and other graphics, read ahead).

    • If you do not know a word, demonstrate what you do (e.g., “read around” the word to see if there are context clues, check pictures and other graphics, sound it out, check the glossary, check the dictionary).

  • With the students, list the things you did to help you understand the text.

    • Use the Monitoring Chart format.

  • Ask students what difficulties they experience in reading and what they do.

    • Write their ideas on the board using the same kind of chart.Discuss the ideas on the chart. Help students understand that:

      • All readers sometimes experience difficulties.

      • Good readers monitor, or check, their reading to make sure they are understanding it.

      • When good readers do not understand, they apply repair strategies so that they can get back on track.

  • After demonstrating and discussed monitoring, students can begin to keep their own charts to become more aware of comprehension, monitoring, and repair.

    • Give each student an individual monitoring chart and discuss each column. For example:

      • Students record their monitoring activities on the chart as they read.

      • When they finish reading, students discuss their charts, explain their difficulties and what they did to begin comprehension again.

      • If appropriate, discuss other, more effective repair strategies they could use.

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