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Students of all ages

  • Prior knowledge

  • Comprehension

  • Identify similarities and differences

  • Summarize

  • Writing

Strategy Steps: Part I
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  • Write the two target words/titles/topics on the board (e.g., insects and spiders).

  • Students list all characteristics they can under each word. This step may be done with the entire class, in small groups, or in pairs.

  • Draw a Venn diagram (two overlapping circles) on the board.

  •  Students determine which characteristics insects and spiders have in common and write them in the overlapping part of the two circles.

  • Write the unique characteristics of each in the parts of the circles that do not overlap.

 
Strategy Steps: Part II
  • Discuss the diagram.

  • Students write a short composition comparing and contrasting the two concepts.

  • With narrative text, compare two characters, events, or places from the story.

    • This strategy is particularly effective for comparing two different stories that the children have read or that the teacher has read to them.

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