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Language Experience Approach
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  • Language experience activities provide opportunities for development and reinforcement of English sentence structure and concepts/vocabulary words.

  • Connects ASL to written English/connects written English to experiences

  • Reinforces English language structures

  • Reinforces vocabulary concepts and use

  • Reinforces reading and writing skills

 
Strategy
  1. Select an appropriate experience.

    1. Align experience with curriculum, IEP goals and student’s objectives.

    2. The experience may be elaborate (e.g. field trip to a community site) or a simple experience in the classroom (e.g. cooking, art, or science activity).

  2. Plan the experience and prepare the necessary materials.

    1. For a field trip: Visit the site (if possible) so you will know the language learning opportunities (e.g., vocabulary, syntactic structures). For all experiences: Determine the vocabulary and structures you will target for language learning.

    2. Gather materials to prepare the students (e.g., pictures, videos, websites, word cards, books).

  3. Prepare the students.

  4. Provide activities to motivate students for the experience. For example:

    1. Read a book/story that is related to the topic.

      • Using materials you have prepared, explain clearly to the students what they will see, what they will do, and what they are expected to learn. Students add other things they want to learn (using the K-W-L strategy would be effective).

      • In the pre-experience activities and discussions, link the spoken/signed language to print as much as possible using vocabulary words and connected language.

  5. The experience.

    1. During the activity, link language to students’ experiences.

    2. Use video/ photos to capture the major events.

  6. Discuss and write about the experience.

    1. Allow the students time to look at the pictures and discuss their trip/activity.

    2. Students sequence the pictures.

    3. Using the pictures as a guide, students dictate a story about their experience.

      • For younger students, the teacher may record it on the board. Students can illustrate most of the sentences on the story chart.

      • Older students may write the story independently or with a partner.

Advancing the Strategy
  1. Reinforcement and practice activities.

  2. For younger students:

    • Use word cards prepared prior to the experience. Students identify each one and find it in the story.

    • Use some of the word cards for spelling words. Students practice saying/signing, fingerspelling, and writing each word.

    • Read the sentences to the students. Ask them to “read” the sentences giving them as much help as necessary for success.

    • Students sequence the pictures and put them into a photo album. Help them write a sentence about each picture.

    • Write one or two sentences from the language experience story on a large sheet of paper. Give each student a paper, read the sentences, illustrate the sentences with original artwork.

  3. For older students:

    • Use the steps in a process writing approach. After the students have written their stories, share them with a small group of students who respond to the composition (commenting on parts that are well-done and asking for clarification on parts that are unclear).

    • Students revise composition and return to response groups until they are satisfied with the content. Students edit composition for changes in syntax and punctuation commensurate with their skill levels.

    • When composition is in final form, students may select formats for publication .